Hemiptera is an order of insects most often known as the true bugs comprising around 50,000–80,000 species of cicadas, aphids, planthoppers, leafhoppers, shield bugs, and others. They range in size from 1 millimetre (0.04 in) to around 15 centimetres (6 in), and share a common arrangement of sucking mouthparts. Sometimes the name true bugs is applied more narrowly still to insects of the suborder Heteroptera only.
Jumping homopterans, mostly brown. Nymphs of most species live in masses of froth, giving rise to their other common names of spittle bugs and cuckoo-spit insects.
The following bugs are known as Shield bugs, from their general shape. All have 5-segmented antennae. They are also known as "Stink bugs" becouse many species emit pungent fluids when alarmed. Many hibernate as adults and are seen mainly in autumn and spring. The group contain both herbivorous and carnivorous species.
© Simon Thurgood 2017
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