Gallery - Browns
This large family, with over 3000 species is most abundant in temperate regions. Over 100 species live in Europe, many of them in the mountains. Most have eye-spots on the wings and the males of many species have a dark patch near the centre of the front wing. This patch, known as a scent brand, consists of scent-emitting scales used during courtship. The caterpillars are usually green or brown,finely hairey and tapered at both ends. They feed almost entirely on grasses. The chrysalids either hang from tail hooks or lie in a loose cocoon on the ground.
This butterfly is common throughout most of Europe, It prefers open woodland,hedgerows and damp meadows up to around 1500m
This is a common butterfly in most of Europe,but is absent fromFinland and Northan Scandinavia. It prefers heathland and other grasslands, open woodland and gardens up to around 2000m and likes to bask in the sun. The caterpillar is green with whitish lines along the back and sides. The pupa is usually green but may be marked with black and is attached to a grass stem.
This variable butterfly is very common throughout Europe. it is found in all grassy places including open woodland and forest edges.
Prefers meadows,heaths and any other kind of rough grassy areas, up to around 2000m.
This butterfly prefers heathland, sandhills and open woodland, up to around 2000m.
A common butterfly throughout Europe except the far north. It prefers shady woodland up to around 1200m. The caterpillar is green with a darker stripe down the back and paler lines along the sides. The green pupa is attached to a grass stem.
Found in the southern England and Wales, it can be found in most flowery grasslands up to around 2000m.
Also known as the Hedge Brown, this very common butterfly is found throughout central and southern Europe, southern England, Ireland and Wales. It prefers open woodland, hedgerows and grassland below 1000m and is very fond of bramble flowers. The caterpillar is pale brown with a dark stripe down the back and a pale line along the sides. The pale brown pupa is attached to a grass stem.
© Simon Thurgood 2017
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