Gallery - Admirals, Emperors, Vanessids and Fritillaries
Admirals,Emperors,Vanessids and Fritillaries (Nymphalidae)
A worldwide group of several thousand medium-sized species,with about 70 representatives in Europe. All the species have reduced forelegs and most are colourful,strong flying butterflies. The upper-side colour pattern usually differs from that of the underside, but males and females resemble each other fairly closely. The caterpillars are generally covered in spines. The chrysalids are often ornamented with shiny gold or silver markings and are suspended from hooks at the tail end.
This common butterfly is found throughout Europe except Northern Scotland and Northern Scandinavia. It can be found anywhere there is a good supply of suitable flowers, especially parks and gardens up to around 2000m. The caterpillars live in groups and will often wander some distance from the food plant to start pupating.
This common butterfly is found throughout most of Europe except for the far north. In the U.K it is only found in southern England and Wales.It prefers open woodland, hedgerows,parks and gardens up to about 2000m. There are two broods each year,the catapillar is brown with black markings and a large patch on the back.
This is a fairly common butterfly of open woodland and forest, found throughout Europe except Northan Scandinavia and Southern Spain. In the U.K. it is confined to southern parts of England and Wales and also Ireland. The caterpillars are black with two yellow lines down the back and rows of branched brown spines.
A spectacular form of this butterfly, known as valesina, occurs in a small percentage of females, primarily in the larger colonies in the south of England, where the orange-brown colouring is replaced with a deep olive-green. This form is quite distinctive in flight, looking like an overgrown Ringlet, and has the common name of the "Greenish Silver-washed Fritillary".
This butterfly prefers open woodland, forest edges,meadows and heaths up to around 2000m.
It prefers open woodland but also seen in moorland and heaths.
This butterfly is fairly common throughout most of Europe but is more local in the British Isles. it likes open spaces in both damp and dry conditions such as bogs,moorland and meadows up to around 2200m.
This butterfly prefers meadows, heaths and open woodland up to around 3000m.
Very similar to the Dark Green but much rarer, range decreasing all the time.
Found in some parts of England,it prefers open woodland usually in lowland areas.
Common Butterfly that is resident only in southern Europe, but every year it migrates northwards reaching every part of the continent. it can be found wherever there are flowers and is a common sight in gardens. The caterpillar lives inside a folded leaf all through its development and when fully grown often wanders some distance from the food plant before pupating.
This is a woodland butterfly, prefering damp places up to around 1500m and is very attracted tobramble flowers.
Summer visitor from Africa and is unable to survive the winter except perhaps in the extreme south. However it is a common sight everywhere during the summer.Migrants produce one possibly two broods each year.
This butterfly prefers open woodland and forest edges and in spring can often be seen feeding from sallow catkins.
Found throughout Europe, probably one of the most popular butterflies seen in gardens where they favour Budleia and Sedum flowers.
This woodland species is found in the UK in small numbers and very localised. It normally flies high in the trees coming down only to feed on carrion, dung and tree-sap.
© Simon Thurgood 2017
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