Gallery - Deciduous
Alder thrives in nitrate-deficient,waterloged soils with help of large root nodules containing nitrogen-fixing bactieria. Its binding roots reduce the impact of river bank erosion and it grows with Willows in damp "carr" Woodland.
Self-sown cultivated apples are frequent by roads and on waste ground. They often revert to bearing small, yellow sour fruits more like crab.
The dominant tree on the chalk of south England. Dense shade restricts the ground flora but many fungi associated with beech. Makes a good hedge;
The commonest hedgerow species where it rarely attains tree height.
This small tree grows like a weed on rich, disturbed soil especially near rabit warrens and badger setts. It carries its poisonous, unpleasant-smelling leaves for all but the most severe winter months.
One of our commonest native trees, easily confused with Sessile oak with which it freely hybridizes. Leaves and other parts provide food for many insects while birds and mammals feed on the fruits(Acorns).
Larches, with fresh green spring growth and beautiful golden autumn tints, are the only common deciduous conifers and are often used to screen less attractive plantations.
A popular garden tree. To 20m. Very long narrow leaves emerge early and fall very late. Yellow-barked shoots drop to the ground.
Native to Northan Greece,arrived in Britian in the 17th Century from Turkey. The sticky winter buds, unusual leaf, spectacular flower heads and pretty autumn colours all ensure its popularity.
Commonest in the north and west.
A fast growing, pioneer tree, readly establishing in open habitats and able to grow at high altitudes. The small, widley-spaced leaves allow light to reach ground level resulting in a profuse ground flora.
A Roman introduction, some pure stands are found in Southern England where it is still coppiced.
Introduced from mainland Europe in the middle ages. Widley planted in woods,parksand gardens. Often regarded as a weed.
© Simon Thurgood 2017
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